Wine – Theory And Practice

“Blood of Christ” – the wine, is the religion of France.
In the Middle Ages, the Church already had encouraged wine consumption, and the monks had many land and large farms. Thus, they became the first modern wine producers – the monasteries began to keep the cellars and the vines for which the doomed to the gods cared.

Over the years, the cultivation of vineyards and the production of wine have become a profession – the processes have been observed, and the facts have been duly recorded. Many of the techniques, crafts and techniques in today’s cellars are a legacy of the monks’ knowledge.


Вино от Шампан – дяволски добро

The most expensive wines of the most expensive vines come from Champagne. They are the benchmark for all other sparkling and sparkling wines.

The legend states that the Benedictine monk Dom Perignon first created the sparkling wine – by mistake. He worked as head of the cellar in the abbey and watched the wine production, but he had not managed to cope with the stubborn bubbles that appeared in the drink.

“Come, I taste the stars now,” he exclaimed, trying his “wrong” work. In the history of wine-making, even the exact date of its “failure” – August 4, 1693

The legend is beautiful, but the prosaic truth is that the monk Perrinion actually discovers the technique that allows the winemakers to produce white wine from red grapes – an important step in making champagne.

As early as the 17th century, sparkling wine became very popular, but the losses in production were high – about 20% of all bottles exploded because of the bubbles. The self-expanding drink was immediately attributed to the dark deeds of the Wicked and was called “the devil’s wine”.

Today, dark origin is forgotten, and champagne is a drink for every bright and important occasion, and for those who are a holiday every day, champagne is far more common in their menu. Cheers for Penny!

Бургундия – шардоне и пино ноар

Indeed, the northern Burgundy wine region is famous for its white and red wine, which is rare. Burgundy white is 100% pure, traditional, local Chardonnay. They call it the King of white varieties and appreciate it in the whole wine world. “Burgundy white” is the name of the classic.

The best place is considered to be the town of Shabla, where from the Middle Ages the Chardonnay fermented and aged in small oak barrels.

The emblem of red burgundy is the pino noir variety – the most capricious but also the most expensive variety. For him, the writer Alexander Duma says: “it should be drunk on your knees and with a hat removed”.

With one of the local varieties – a beauxle is linked to a local holiday, long gone out into the broader world. After the war, in 1951, the producers in the Burgundy region had a lot of wine because the year was good and warm and the harvest was abundant.

They have been authorized by the state to sell wine to bottle at the moment. They called him Beaujola Nuvo, by the name of the region, and they set a special day to sell it – the third Thursday of November.

So the day has become a beautification holiday. Its main characteristic is that it should be drunk immediately, at the latest by the end of the year.

Bordeaux – red classics in a bottle

The most famous wine region in the world – this is Bordeaux. There are also the most extensive vineyards – 115,000 hectares of vineyards are sown in the French region, which is more than vineyards all over Germany.

Every four of five bottles in Bordeaux contain red wine. Although all wines in this area bear the name Bordeaux, each castle (château), each plot (cru), each name is characterized by strict individuality and character.

The classic varieties for Bordeaux wines are cabernet sauvignon, merlot, cabernet frank, and to a lesser extent virgin and malbec. All of them are unique, although they are made using the same techniques and the same varieties.
Over time in Bordeaux, 5 grades (grades or classes) have been established for wine, which refer to specific wines and properties. Each area in Bordeaux has its own classification.

The first official and remaining with the greatest influence to date is the Classification of Wines by Medoc and Gray from 1855. The story is that Napoleon’s World Exhibition in Paris in the same year requires each wine region to compile a classification of its wines.

Thus, the Wine Brokers Syndicate arranges the wines from their districts (Medoc and Grav) in 5 crutches (classes, categories) according to the average price at which they are sold.

The 1855 Classification also includes noble sweet wines from Sothern and Barzac, since at that time they are now known as the “kings of the guilt and guilt of the kings.”

The classification was changed only once – in 1973, when Chateau Mouton-Rothschild moved from second to first-highest category.

Unusual wine-making practice is observed in the castles whose vineyards are in the premium category. Low flying helicopters scatter the cold air and the frost “jammed” between the rows of the vineyard in the early spring. After torrential rains during wet years, it may also be necessary for helicopters to dry grapes to prevent the occurrence of diseases on it.

Besides pleasure for the senses, French wine is also proven healthy. In 1991, Serge Renault, a French researcher at the University of Bordeaux, formulated the so- “French paradox”.

He finds that, despite the saturated fat diet of the French, they suffer much less than cardiovascular disease than Americans. This is largely due to the regular consumption of red wine, which is a powerful antioxidant that naturally lowers cholesterol levels.

Of course, the benefits are more than just moderate consumption, for example the French themselves, which rarely exceed the daily dose of two glasses of 150 ml of wine.